Solar storms are known to cause electromagnetic chaos, but what about tsunamis?
Illustration of the sun in the form of a fireball. (Pixabay / WikiImages)
hitekno.com – Solar storms are known to have an impact on many things, including the Earth. But could a solar storm cause a tsunami on Earth?
For information, solar storms have released plumes of plasma filled with charged particles. This can have serious repercussions for satellites, the Internet, and even GPS.
But aside from electromagnetic chaos, would a solar storm trigger a tsunami on Earth?
according to Suara.comThe short answer is that solar storms are not a direct cause of tsunamis on Earth.
In order to create a tsunami on Earth, there must be another catalyst occurring on the planet we live in. Like an earthquake rumbling under the sea floor.
It then displaces the water and produces massive, extremely fast waves through the entire water column, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
These earthquakes are caused by the same type of movement of tectonic plates, causing volcanoes to erupt and to shake cities.
But no matter how frightening it is to Earth, plasma winds from solar flares (intense bursts of electromagnetic radiation from the sun) or coronal mass ejections (giant clouds of electrically charged particles from the sun moving at high speeds).
These forces cannot directly cause a real tsunami to emerge from the ocean floor.
However, some researchers argue that solar storms can indirectly cause tsunamis on Earth.
Scientists agree that solar storms can produce tsunami-type shock waves, or “solar tsunamis,” that wreak havoc on the Sun rather than the Earth, NASA reported when the phenomenon was captured by the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) in 2006.
These shock waves, also known as Moreton waves, are powerful enough to compress and heat hydrogen and other gases in the sun so that the entire star glows even brighter.
This situation occurs in just a few minutes. Some solar flares are so intense that they can leave a trail on Earth.
The research team found it in a 2022 study in Nature, when they found evidence of a fall from hitting Greenland more than 9,000 years ago.
The particles swept away by the solar wind are trapped in ice samples which are then examined in the laboratory.
This particular large event did not cause a tsunami, but a 2020 study in Scientific Reports demonstrates a possible link between solar storms and major earthquakes on Earth — and earthquakes known to cause tsunamis.
“[Kami menemukan] Evidence for a high correlation between large global earthquakes and proton density near the magnetosphere, due to the solar windwrites the researchers, led by Vito Marchetelli, an expert in satellite analysis at the University of Basilicata in Potenzo, Italy.
“These findings are very important for earthquake research and the potential future implications of earthquake prediction,” he said.
Solar storms affecting Earth are the result of solar flares or coronal mass ejections, which usually occur when the Sun’s magnetic field is entangled or refracted.
The two exploded with enormous energy and sent powerful solar winds into space.
When charged particles in the solar wind reach Earth and interact with the ionosphere, the outer part of our atmosphere at the edge of space, they can cause satellite and GPS signals to interfere, according to NASA.
But interactions with the magnetosphere can do much more than that.
Earth’s magnetosphere is very far from the ionosphere. These are regions in space surrounding the planet where the magnetic field has a very strong influence, formed by the flow of the solar wind into the magnetic field.
Marchetelli and colleagues suggested that particles in the solar wind hitting the magnetosphere could influence the intensity of earthquakes.
The researchers believe these particles are likely related to the movement of tectonic plates because their electricity can exacerbate existing disturbances, such as subduction, in which one tectonic plate is pushed under another.
They conclude that the more protons in the solar wind rocking the magnetosphere, the more likely it is that earthquakes will exacerbate, some of which can trigger tsunamis.
However, Marchitelli’s research did not examine the number of tsunamis in the high and low solar wind periods, so this idea is still limited to that.
There is more support for this thinking. A 2011 study published in Scientific Research noted that earthquakes increase during the sun’s maximum.
The period when the Sun’s 11-year cycle is most active and most likely to release a wave of solar winds, bending the shape of the Earth’s magnetic field.
This could put additional stress on the Earth’s crust by pushing the Earth’s magnetic field against the tectonic plates beneath, thus affecting earthquakes that cause tsunamis.
This is the answer to whether or not a solar storm can cause a tsunami on Earth. (Suara.com/ Dythia Novianty)